The National Observatory of Telecommunications and the Information Society (ONTSI) presents a   new edition ) of the "Study on Cybersecurity and Trust in Spanish households"

This research analyzes the state of cybersecurity in Spanish digital households. It details the adoption of cybersecurity measures, the level of real incidence of situations that may constitute cybersecurity risks and the degree of confidence that Spanish households place in the Information Society.


The different information of the document has been obtained through two ways: collection of declared data - through surveys in more than 3,500 Spanish households -, and real data - through specific software that analyzes the systems and the presence of malware in the equipment thanks to the joint use of 50 antivirus engines. This duality of sources allows us to contrast the real level of incidents that teams suffer with the perception that users have. As a novelty from this wave, the results of the analysis of more than 700 Android devices are also included.


At Hispasec we have actively collaborated in carrying out this study, through the development and use of the Pinkerton software. Aimed at analyzing systems by collecting data on the operating system, its update status and the installed security tools. Pinkerton also detects the presence of malware on computers and mobile devices thanks to the joint use of 50 antivirus engines.


The data reflected in this report covers the analysis from July to December 2015. As is usual in these studies, the data is interesting and revealing:


Almost 71% of Internet users surveyed believe that their computer equipment or mobile device is reasonably protected against potential Internet threats.


The main security measures declared by users of Android mobile devices are the use of secure unlocking systems using PIN or pattern (74.6%), antivirus software (69.8%) and automatic blocking of the device after a period of inactivity ( 64.9%).


Almost 70% of Internet users surveyed claim to use an antivirus program on their mobile device, while the data provided by Pinkerton places actual use at 23.3 percentage points below. 24.9% of the Android devices analyzed contain malware, placing the user perception of this fact at 22.9%.



More than half of users report using passwords to protect their equipment and/or documents, and 46.5% delete temporary files and cookies generated when browsing the Internet.


In relation to the use of WiFi networks, 13.9% of users leave their Wi-Fi wireless network unprotected and/or are unaware of its status, while 51.3% acknowledge using WPA and WPA2. On the other hand, practically 46% of users who connect to a public Wi-Fi wireless network do so whenever they need to and anywhere, exposing the confidentiality and integrity of their data.



In the same document, links are offered, through the National Telecommunications and Information Society Observatory (ONTSI) of, so that users can consult advice and help to improve their cybersecurity in the different areas in which the study focuses on. Therefore, the study is not only interesting in itself, but is also of great interest due to the links and user-help information it offers.


The complete study can be downloaded from the ONTSI website at the following link:


The report includes many more interesting data:



Security measures

Definition and classification of security measures, use of security measures on the home computer, update frequency and use, security measures used in Wi-Fi wireless networks, use of security measures Android devices


Behavioral habits in browsing and Internet uses

Online banking and e-commerce, Internet downloads, social networks, usage habits of Wi-Fi wireless networks, usage habits on Android devices


Security incidents

Types of malware, security incidents, evolution of malware incidents, typology of malware detected, diversification of malware detected, dangerousness of malicious code and equipment risk, malware vs. operating system, malware vs. system update, security incidents in Wi-Fi wireless networks


Consequences of security incidents and user reaction

Attempted online fraud and demonstrations, security and fraud, changes adopted after a security incident


Trust in the digital sphere in Spanish homes

e-Trust and limitations in the Information Society, user perception of evolution in security, assessment of the dangers of the Internet, responsibility in Internet security


Conclusions and Scope of the study


More information:


ONTSI presents a new edition of the Study on Cybersecurity and Trust in Spanish households.ñoles-junio-2016


Study on Cybersecurity and Trust in Spanish homes

ONTSI and INCIBE publish the "Study on Cybersecurity and Trust in Spanish households"